26 May 2007

Common Words - Part 2

wr
great
xfAw
snake
Hmt
wife
st
place
dpt
boat

List of Common Prepositions


in
by
m
in
n
to, for
r
to, toward, with respect to
mi
like
Hna
together with, and
Hr
on, upon
xnt
at the head of
xr
near
Xr
under
Dr
since
tp
atop

Numbers

SYMBOL
VALUE
1
10
100

In order to write other numbers, you’ll have to multiply the necessary numerals.

The largest numerals are written first, the smallest last.


SYMBOL VALUE
1 000
10 000
100 000

For example, number 7 has seven unites of one (7 x 1) - we write 7 times the symbol for one.

Number 56 has 5 tens and 6 units of one (5 x 10 + 6 x 1) – we write 5 times symbol for ten and 6 times symbol for one.

Other examples:

15 (1 x 10 + 5 x 1)
149 (1 x 100 + 4 x 10 + 9 x 1)
32 721 (3 x 10 000 + 2 x 1000 + 7 x 100 + 2 x 10 + 1 x 1)

10 May 2007

Inner Ramp Theory Rejected by Egyptologists

Egyptian, German and US archaeological experts have rejected the theory of the French archaeologist Jean-Pierre Houdin about how the Giza Pyramids were built, Zahi Hawass, the Secretary-General of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, said yesterday.


According to Houdin, the Ancient Egyptians built the 480-foot-high Great Pyramid of Giza from the inside out, using a ramp that spiralled around the pyramid's interior, 30 to 45 feet inside its external surface.


Hawass tested the theory on the ground in the area of the Pyramids, along with a number of eminent archaeologists including the American Mark Lehner and the German Rainer Stadelman. They concluded that the Frenchman's theory was scientifically impossible.

02 May 2007

Alan Gardiner - Egyptian Hieratic Texts

Transcribed, translated and annotated by Alan H. Gardiner.
from "Series I: Literary Texts of the New Kingdom" PART I


THE PAPYRUS ANASTASI I AND THE PAPYRUS KOLLER,
TOGETHER WITH THE PARALLEL TEXTS
Leipzig, 1911

DOWNLOAD
(5.6 MB, pdf)



(from etana.org)

James Henry Breasted - Ancient Records of Egypt (Vol. 1 - 5)

Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, collected, edited, and translated, with Commentary.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
(1906–1907)

Volume I:
The first to seventeenth dynasties

DOWNLOAD
10.4 MB (pdf)






Volume II:
The eighteenth dynasty

DOWNLOAD
12.4 MB (pdf)






Volume III:
The nineteenth dynasty

DOWNLOAD
12.4 MB (pdf)






Volume IV:
The twentieth to the twenty sixth dynasties

DOWNLOAD
14.2 MB (pdf)






Volume V:
Indices

DOWNLOAD
7.1 MB (pdf)







(from etana.org)

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