26 May 2007
|r||to, toward, with respect to|
|Hna||together with, and|
|xnt||at the head of|
| SYMBOL || VALUE |
| || 1 |
| || 10 |
| || 100 |
In order to write other numbers, you’ll have to multiply the necessary numerals.
The largest numerals are written first, the smallest last.
| || 1 000 |
| || 10 000 |
| || 100 000 |
For example, number 7 has seven unites of one (7 x 1) - we write 7 times the symbol for one.
Number 56 has 5 tens and 6 units of one (5 x 10 + 6 x 1) – we write 5 times symbol for ten and 6 times symbol for one.
10 May 2007
Egyptian, German and US archaeological experts have rejected the theory of the French archaeologist Jean-Pierre Houdin about how the Giza Pyramids were built, Zahi Hawass, the Secretary-General of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, said yesterday.
According to Houdin, the Ancient Egyptians built the 480-foot-high Great Pyramid of Giza from the inside out, using a ramp that spiralled around the pyramid's interior, 30 to 45 feet inside its external surface.
Hawass tested the theory on the ground in the area of the Pyramids, along with a number of eminent archaeologists including the American Mark Lehner and the German Rainer Stadelman. They concluded that the Frenchman's theory was scientifically impossible.
02 May 2007
Transcribed, translated and annotated by Alan H. Gardiner.
from "Series I: Literary Texts of the New Kingdom" PART I
THE PAPYRUS ANASTASI I AND THE PAPYRUS KOLLER,
TOGETHER WITH THE PARALLEL TEXTS
(5.6 MB, pdf)
Historical Documents from the Earliest Times to the Persian Conquest, collected, edited, and translated, with Commentary.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
The first to seventeenth dynasties
10.4 MB (pdf)
The eighteenth dynasty
12.4 MB (pdf)
The nineteenth dynasty
12.4 MB (pdf)
The twentieth to the twenty sixth dynasties
14.2 MB (pdf)
7.1 MB (pdf)