26 June 2006

NEWS: "Egypt archaeologists find sarcophagi near pyramids"

CAIRO (Reuters) - Egyptian archaeologists have found two ancient sarcophagi close to the pyramids, the head of Egypt's Supreme Council for Antiquities said on Sunday.

The sarcophagi, found about a kilometer (0.6 miles) south of the pyramids in Giza, dated to the late 26th dynasty, or about 2,500 years old, council chief Zahi Hawass said in a report by the state MENA news agency.

Hieroglyphs referring to the ancient Egyptian gods Osiris, god of the dead, and the sun-god Ra were painted on the larger sarcophagus, which measured about 2 meters (6 ft 6.74 in) tall, 70 cm wide and 60 cm deep and was painted red, blue and green, the report said.
....

See full report here:
http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200606/s1671476.htm
http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/NewsArticle.aspx?type=science

20 June 2006

More websites on learning hieroglyphs

AEL - Learning Ancient Egyptian (http://www.rostau.org.uk/Aegyptian-L/index.html)

Learn to read hieroglyphs! : Introductory lessons in middle Egyptian.

Exercises for beginners : Some interesting and fun exercises.

Fun with hieroglyphs : Identify these signs! Puzzling exercises by Geoffrey Graham, Yale University.

Gardiner Exercises : Hints and tips for studying from Alan Gardiner's Egyptian Grammar. [Compiled by Michael Dyall-Smith]

Learning hieratic : The cursive script that scribes commonly used. [Stephen Fryer's web site]

Beginning Coptic : The last phase of egyptian language; and it is still spoken today! [by Geoffrey Graham,Yale Uni.]

Reference : More useful reference material for working with Ancient Egyptian


Ancient Hieroglyphs
http://www.greatscott.com/hiero/index.html

The ancient Egyptian picture (?) language
http://members.aol.com/egyptnew/glyph.html

Hieroglyphs for kids:
http://www.kidzone.ws/cultures/egypt/hieroglyph.htm

18 June 2006

How to become an Egyptologist?


Becoming or being an Egyptologist - The Ancient Egyptian Site

Q: What should I do if I want to become an Egyptologist?
Q: What are the prospects when one has graduates as an Egyptologist?
http://www.ancient-egypt.org/index.html

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How to...
How do I become an Egyptologist?
How do I get on an Egyptian dig?
2. Why...
... did you become an Egyptologist

... and a lot more on http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/egypt/faq/index.html


Do You Want To Be An Egyptologist? - short text by Jim Loy
http://www.jimloy.com/egypt/e-ology.htm

Mummy Mania - How do I become an Egyptologist?
http://mummymania.com/content/view/10/69/

Institute of Egyptian Art & Archaeology
"So you think you want to become an Egyptologist?"
http://academics.memphis.edu/egypt/ugletter.html

Glyphdoctors: Becoming an Egyptologist
http://www.glyphdoctors.com/mod/resource/view.php?id=30


Tour Egypt has an interesting article about all the famous Egyptologists:
The Egyptologists by Jimmy Dunn
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/egyptologists.htm

Dictionaries on the web

Very nice dictionary for Ancient Egyptian language can be found on Hieroglyphs.net website.
There is a search box for english, transliteration and Gardiner code:
http://www.hieroglyphs.net/000501/html/000-016.html




Jim Loy's Egyptian
Hieroglyphics
and Egyptology Page has
"My Egyptian Hieroglyphic
Dictionary":
http://www.jimloy.com/hiero/e-dict.htm




The Beinlich wordlist, An Internet-searchable database by Nigel Strudwick (in german)
http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/egypt/beinlich/beinlich.html
(the whole dictionary can be downloaded as a .txt file (and opened in MS Word or something like that):
http://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/egypt/beinlich/beinlich.txt.zip)

12 June 2006

Software

Serge Rosmorduc's software for typing hieroglyphs is very useful (and free!). JSesh, word processor, uses Java and here you'll find the new version (for Mac and Win):
http://www.iut.univ-paris8.fr/~rosmord/JSesh/download/

I have Java installed but can't open it :(, so I use TKsesh:
http://webperso.iut.univ-paris8.fr/~rosmord/TKSESH/

Another free and interesting program is Luca Brigatti's HieroWord:
http://home.rochester.rr.com/lucabri/
It is not a text processor but a very useful dictionary. It uses more than 800 hieroglyphs (from Gardiner's Sign list). You can add words yourself or use some of the dictionaries which are also available for download on his website.

He made a program called Hieroglyphs too, a flashcard that shows only signs (not words) - but it's also useful!
See the link above.

MacScribe, a professional hieroglyphic text processor only works on Macintosh.
http://www.macscribe.com/ (in French)
Costs ~ $250

HieroNote - Type in Hieroglyphs, try the demo version (2.84MB):
http://www.download.com/HieroNote-Type-in-Hieroglyphs/3000-2279_4-5080971.html
Free to try; $19.95 to buy

GlyphTutor is a program for memorizing the phonetic values of the most common signs.
http://www.softlookup.com/download.asp?ID=2315
Free to try (3 MB)

That's what I've found for now. If someone can think of any other good program, or has experience with some, please tell us.

If you want to see how your name look in the cartouche see this link.
http://webperso.iut.univ-paris8.fr/~rosmord/nomhiero.html



... my full name :)

Dating Inscriptions (II)

In few older words ...



g


... is used for



g







X
is first interchanging with S and later (sometimes) with x



S




x

05 June 2006

Dating inscriptions

Each stage of ancient Egyptian introduced changes and by knowing its grammar one can easily determine which form of the language he's reading, and thus the historical period in which the text was written.



Few tips for beginners:

- sound w is alternately written by its hieratic form (see below).
This is the original one.



w (later form)






m (original)




m (later)







n (original)


n (later)




Will be continued in the next post...

04 June 2006

Read on the WEB: Zahi Hawass - Treasure without an end IV

On Al-Ahram Magazine website http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/ Zahi Hawass, the famous Egyptologist, writes a weekly column (Dig Days) about his adventures in the world of Egyptian archaeology.
See his newest article:
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2006/797/he2.htm

Dig days:
Treasure without an end
Valley of the Kings

By Zahi Hawass

Part IV
... to be continued

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