25 April 2007

Ancient Egyptian Tales

The tale of the shipwrecked sailor (6th dynasty)

The tale of the eloquent peasant (Middle Kingdom)

The Tale of Sinuhe (12th dynasty)

The Herdsman's Tale (12th dynasty)

The Tales from the Westcar Papyrus (Middle Kingdom or later)

The taking of Joppa, a tale of conquest by Djehuti under Thutmose III. (18th dynasty)

King Neferkare and General Sasenet (18th-19th dynasty)

Truth and Falsehood: A tale (19th dynasty)

The Tale of the Two Brothers: Anpu and Bata (19th dynasty)

The Tale of the Garden of Flowers (19th dynasty)

Wenamen's journey to Byblos (20th dynasty)

The Turin papyrus (Papyrus 55001)

The literary letter of Wermai, the end of the New Kingdom

Princess Ahura: The Magic Book (c. 1100 BCE)

The Doomed Prince

A ghost story

The mouse as vizier

05 April 2007

Videos About Hieroglyphs on YouTube

Discover the secrets, the myths and the truths, behind one of the greatest civilizations in history - a world nearly lost beneath the sand.

The Secrets of the Hieroglyphs

(Extract from Egypt - Rediscovering a Lost World, BBC, 9 minutes)

Jean-Francois Champollion, explorer and scholar, unravels the secrets of the hieroglyphs, unlocking the world of the Ancient Egyptians, while fighting a fierce battle with the Church about the Age of the existence, in this extract from a BBC series choronical, exploring legends in archaeology.

The Mystery of the Rosetta Stone
(3 minutes)

In 1798, Napoleon brought his armies to Egypt and made the greatest accidental discovery the world would ever know and bring the lost words of ancient Egypt back into the mainstream of communication with the discovery of the Rosetta Stone. Ancient language thought long forgotten, could not be deciphered by modern man.

More Ancient Egypt Videos on YouTube:

Rameses: Wrath of God or Man? - Special Presentation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (each part about 8 minutes)
Rameses was the greatest of all the ancient Egyptian pharaohs, and his life is remembered in history as both mighty and shrouded in mystery. During his 66-year reign, he conquered a larger empire than any other ruler, and built many monuments to his exploits. He also sired over 100 children, one of whom might have been the Biblical Moses.

Live From Egypt - "Into The Great Pyramid" intro 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 (each part about 8 minutes)
The National Geographic team takes you inside the Great Pyramids of Egypt. Join researchers as they uncover new insights into the structures that have been shrouded in mystery for 45 centuries. Witness the unsealing of an ancient sarcophagus, a remote-controlled robot penetration into the depths of the pyramid shafts, and much more.

Stone, the Medium of Immortality in Ancient Egypt (3 minutes)

The Temple of Philae - Ancient Gods Still Revered (3 minutes)

Tomb Raiding / Recovering Rameses I 1 2 3 4 5

04 April 2007

Mystery of Great Pyramid 'solved'?

A French architect claims to have solved the mystery of how Egypt's Great Pyramid was built.

Jean-Pierre Houdin said the 4,500-year-old pyramid, just outside Cairo, was built using an inner ramp to lift the massive stones into place.

"This is better than the other theories, because it is the only theory that works," said Mr Houdin as he unveiled his theory with a 3D computer simulation.

He believes workers used an outer ramp to build the first 43 metres (47 yards) then constructed an inner ramp to carry stones to the apex of the 137m pyramid.

"This goes against both main existing theories," Egyptologist Bob Brier told Reuters news agency after Mr Houdin explained his hypothesis. "I've been teaching them myself for 20 years but deep down I know they're wrong."

Mr Houdin said that an outer ramp all the way to the top of the pyramid would have blocked sight lines and left little room to work, while a long, frontal ramp would have used up too much stone.
Further confusing matters, there is little evidence left of external ramps at the site of the Great Pyramid. Mr Houdin said the pyramid could have been built by 4,000 people using his technique instead of 100,000, as postulated by other theorists.

The architect is now assembling a team to verify his theory on site using radars and other non-invasive means.

3D Khufu Revealed website

- Download PDF of the story (1,8 MB)
- Watch 3D animation (3D Life Player plug-in needed)

Suffix Pronouns

Personal suffix pronouns must follow, and be suffixed to, some preceding word. They could not stand by themselves as a separate words.

General use of suffix pronouns:

- as genitive after nouns (with the sense of our possessive adjectives - "his wife", "their brother")
- after prepositions ("to you", "with them")
- as nominative with the simple tenses of the verb ("I say", "they lived")

, , - often not written
- A1 sign (man) is an ideogram and can be replaced by other ideograms (king, woman, god ...)

.T (.t)
, - .t is used later

- plural mark often not written
.Tn (.tn)
, - .tn is used later
- plural mark often not written
, - .sn is later replaced by .w
- plural mark often not written

Personal Pronouns

I, me, my
Tw (tw)
you, your (m)
.T (.t)
Tn (tn)
ntT (ntt)
you, your (f)
he, him, his, it, its
she, her, it, its
we, us, our
.Tn (.tn)
.Tn (.tn)ntTn (nttn)
you, your (pl)
sn, st
they, them, their